13th (Moora) VDC Battalion
From Our Contribution
Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) Battalions were initially raised outside the military framework by the RSL who were keen to be involved in any defence of Australia. Formed in July 1940 they had no formal role, until they were taken over by the Army and incorporated in the CMF on 15 May 1941. Other civilian units included the Vulnerable Points Guard and the Post Office Volunteer Corps. Once taken over they were tasked with being prepared to strengthen/reinforce Garrison Battalions who were formed to contribute to the defence of Australia; provide staff for internment camps; and guard vulnerable points. Original recruitment was men with previous Imperial Military Service, those under 60 being available for full time duties. In February 1940 4,464 men were enlisted in Western Australian VDC units. Australia wide there were 110 VDC Battalions in October 1942. Australia wide there were 49 fatalities amongst VDC personnel, with one in Western Australia.
In July 1941 when the Army took over control of VDC units, the units at Moora, Pithara and Dalwallinu were grouped into the Moora Special Duties Company. In October the unit was renamed 13th Special Duties Company (Moora). Soon after the entry of Japan into the war, the unit expanded to become 13th (Moora) VDC Battalion. Together with the 7th (Geraldton) VDC Battalion they formed the 4th Northern Group (VDC). By late 1942 the 13th VDC Battalion was responsible for coast watch duties in the Dandaragan area, but with a reduced threat to Western Australia, the defences were progressively reduced during 1943. In July 1944 the battalion was placed in reserve, although the VDC Units were not formally disbanded until mid 1946.
Members of the VDC were awarded the Australian Service Medal 1939-45 for three years part time service. Some who served full time qualified for the War Medal 1939-45.
Content has come from The Unit Guide - Volume 6 - The Australian Army 1939-1945 , pages 6.087 & 6.088 - Graham R McKenzie-Smith - Big Sky Publishing - 2018