The MC is granted in recognition of "an act or acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy on land."
All Officers were able to cite or recommend men for recognition based on their actions in the field. In addition to the nominating Officer there should be three witness supporting the nomination.
A citation is a brief report providing details of the deed for which an award for gallantry has been granted to an individual.
A recommendation for a gallantry award was usually given by a commanding officer. When the award was granted these details were generally used to create the citation for the award. Unfortunately almost all the recommendation forms W3121 from the First World War were destroyed in enemy bombing in the Second World War.
The award of a gallantry or distinguished service medal and a Mention in Despatches was published in The London Gazette.
Established 28 Dec 1914.
Mounted on a white ribbon with a central purple stripe, it is a silver cross with straight arms, Royal Cypher in centre (obverse). The (reverse) is plain other than the recipients engraved name.